The Temple of Artemis, Turkey (with Map & Photos)

Temple of Artemis (Turkey) - description, history, location. Exact address, phone number, website. Reviews of tourists, photos and videos.

Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis

A lost miracle - this is how the guide will poetically call what you will see on the site of the once majestic temple of Artemis of Ephesus. The spectacle is rather pitiful - almost nothing remains of the ruins, except for one column restored from the wreckage. But there were 127 of them! Each 18 meters in height is a gift from one of the 127 kings.

Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world described by historians. It was located in the Greek city of Ephesus, now it is Turkish Selcuk. From the once majestic temple today there is a barely visible foundation and one column - out of 127!
The temple, which had no equal in beauty and grandeur, as historians wrote, is one of the seven wonders of the world. It was located in the Greek Ephesus. Today it is the city of Selcuk, in the province of Izmir, in Turkey. The first temple in honor of the goddess of hunting Artemis was built in the middle of the 6th century BC. According to legend, in 356 BC, a fire broke out at night - a citizen of Ephesus set fire to the temple in order to become famous.

The name of Herostratus has since become a household name, although everyone tried to forget him. In official documents, the criminal is not named, he is designated as "one madman."
By the beginning of the 3rd century BC, the temple was completely restored. Money for the construction of a new wonder of the world was allocated by Alexander the Great. The previous plan was preserved, only the building was raised on a high stepped base. One of the columns was made by the famous sculptor of that time Skopas. It is assumed that the altar is the work of the sculptor Praxiteles.

Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis

In 263, the sanctuary of Artemis was sacked by the Goths. During the time of Emperor Theodosius the First, all pagan cults were banned, because the temple of Artemis in Ephesus was closed. Marble lining from it began to be taken away by local residents for their buildings, the columns began to fall, and their fragments were sucked in by the swamp on which the temple stood. Even the place was gradually forgotten. The English archaeologist Wood managed to find traces of the best temple of Ionia in 1869. The foundation of the sanctuary was completely uncovered only in the 20th century. And under it were found traces of a temple burned by Herostratus. Fragments of columns decorated with reliefs are now in the British Museum.

Figures and facts

  • The width of the Temple of Artemis was 52 m.
  • Length - 105 m.
  • The number of columns supporting the roof is 127. Each is a gift from one of the 127 kings.
  • The height of the columns is 18 m.

Temple of Artemis Map