What to See in Albarracin, Spain (with Map & Photos)

The Pink City of Albarracin in Spain, stands above a gorge among the rocks of the Sierra de Albarracina, to the left of the Guadalaviara River.

Albarracin Spain
Albarracin Spain

One of the most beautiful places in Spain is considered to be the city of Albarracin. This conclusion was reached in 2005 by experts in the field of tourism. The city has a unique geographical location, its history and amazing nature. In 1961, Albarracin was declared a national treasure of the country.

Walled city of Albarracin


The city is located in the mountainous regions of central Spain. The population does not exceed a thousand people. The landscapes surrounding the town are lush green meadows, rivers and a group of mountains called the Sierra de Albarracin.

Albarracin Spain
Albarracin Spain

The late 19th century Spanish philosopher Ortega y Gaset described AlbarracĂ­n as a city with a fabulous silhouette. Perched on top of a cliff, at an altitude of 1,200 meters above sea level, the city resembles a bird's nest. This similarity has not gone unnoticed. Over the hundreds of years of its history, Albarracin has acquired the nickname "Eagle's Nest". The deep gorge surrounding the city serves as an impregnable moat for it. Albarracin itself, thanks to this location, is a real natural bastion.

The history of Albarracin has its roots in ancient times. Already in those days, the wealth of the local lands attracted many settlers. Rock paintings found in local caves tell a lot about the life of the first inhabitants. The artists skillfully depicted scenes of everyday life of people, large bulls and other animals. It is believed that the caves served as a place for city and religious meetings. Archaeological finds show that worship of the emperor was widespread in the area.

In the 1st century A.D. e. This territory was conquered by the Romans, subjugating the local tribe of the Celtiberians. Under Roman rule, a unique aqueduct was built in the city. Its length is 18 kilometers. The aqueduct is considered the most complex structure in Spain.

Albarracin Spain
Albarracin Spain

The rule of Muslims from the 9th to the 12th century gave the city the beautiful name of Albarracin, derived from the surname of the Berber wealthy settlers Banu-Razin. This period was a time of rapid prosperity for the city. It actively developed culture and science. The medicine of the Middle Ages also took a big step forward. Surgical instruments found serve as evidence that the city's physicians of the past even operated on cataracts.

Since those ancient times, Albarracin has not changed much. There are no new, modern buildings in the city. Tourists will be able to see examples of ancient architecture. The most famous buildings are the Azure House and the Abode of Julianet.

Buildings in the past were built of wood and then covered with plaster. Lighter in weight than stone, these building materials made it easier to build houses at high altitude.

Since it was difficult with extra space in the city, houses were built right on the edge of the abyss. For this reason, those who are afraid of heights are advised not to lean out of the windows of such “hanging” buildings and not look down.

Albarracin Spain
Albarracin Spain

In the center of AlbarracĂ­n rises the majestic Moorish castle. In the 16th century, a unique Gothic cathedral and a horseshoe-shaped town hall were built.

Nature lovers will also not be disappointed with the local scenery. The area has a wide variety of ecosystems, a rich world of flora and fauna. Silver threads of waterfalls falling from the mountain slopes, crystal-clear reservoirs, streams and the most beautiful starry sky will be remembered by visitors of the city for a lifetime.

Located not far from the city, the Montes Universales nature reserve can still boast of an abundance of various game, wild boars and deer.

The Guadalaviar River, which means "white river", is rich in trout.

Albarracin Map