Brooks Range, Coldfoot, Alaska (with Map & Photos)

The Brooks Range is a mountain range in the far north of North America, extending approximately 700 miles (1,100 km) from west to east through northern Alaska into Canada in the Yukon Territory. Reaching a peak elevation of 8,976 feet (2,736 m) on Mount Isto, Brooks Range is believed to be about 126 million years old.

Brooks Range
Brooks Range

In the United States, these mountains are considered part of the Rocky Mountains, while in Canada they are considered separate, the northern border of the Rocky Mountains is considered Liard. A river in the far south in British Columbia.

Although the area is mostly uninhabited, the Dalton Highway and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Atigun Pass (1,415 m, 4,643 ft) pass through it en route to the oil fields at Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope of Alaska. The Alaska Native villages of Anaktuvuk and Arctic Village, as well as the very small communities of Coldfoot, Wiseman, Bettles, and Chandalar, are the only settlements in Brooks Range. In the far west, near the Woolik River in the De Long Mountains, is the Red Dog Mine, the largest zinc mine in the world.

Brooks Range
Brooks Range

The area was named by the United States Geographic Names Board in 1925 after Alfred Hals Brooks, chief geologist at the USGS in Alaska since 1903. to 1924.

Various historical sources also refer to Brooks Range as the Arctic Mountains, Hooper Mountains, Mead Mountains, and Mid River Mountains. The Canadian part of the range is officially called the British Mountains. Ivvavik National Park is located in the British Mountains of Canada.

Brooks Range Map