Provinces and territories of Canada (with Map & Photos)

Canada is officially divided into ten provinces and three territories. From the point of view of the structure of the Canadian state, the fundamental difference between the two is that the division of powers between the federation and the provinces is stipulated by the Constitution of Canada, while the rights of the territorial administrations are determined directly by the federal government. Canadian territories occupy a huge area, while they have an extremely low population density, a significant part of which are representatives of the "first people" of Canada.

In turn, provinces and territories are divided into smaller administrative units (districts, municipalities, etc.), and the system of such division is different in different regions.

Flags of provinces and territories of Canada

Regions of Canada


In addition to the official division of Canada into provinces and territories, the unofficial names of various regions of the country are very often used.

Eastern Canada


Eastern Canada

"Eastern Canada" (or "Eastern Provinces") refers to the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island.

Western Canada


Western Canada

"Western Canada" (or "Western Provinces") refers to Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.

Central Canada


Central Canada

"Central Canada" is Ontario and Quebec, the country's two largest and most populous provinces.

Northern Canada


Northern Canada

Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut are called "Northern Canada".

Coastal provinces of Canada


Coastal provinces of Canada

The "coastal provinces of Canada" are New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

Atlantic Canada


Atlantic Canada

"Atlantic Canada" includes the "coastal provinces" (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island) and the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Canadian prairie


Canadian prairie

"Canadian Prairies" (or "Prairie Provinces") are the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, much of which is located in the south of Canada's interior plains.

Canada Map